Charity that travels far !
Charity that travels far !

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About Romania / Country Information / Communism

From 1947 to 1989 Romania fell behind the iron curtain.
Soviet occupation following World War II led to the formation of a communist People's Republic in 1947, and the abdication of King Michael, who went into exile. The emerging leader who became the the First Secretary of the Romanian Workers' Party from 1977 until his death in 1981 was Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej. Under Gheorghe's  rule the withdrawal of soviet troops from Romania was negotiated in April 1958. During his reign Romania's foreign debt sharply increased from 3 to 10 billion US dollars leading his successor, Nicolae Ceaușescu to initiate a project of total reimbursement of the foreign debt (completed in 1989, shortly before his overthrow). To achieve this goal, he imposed policies that impoverished Romanians and exhausted the Romanian economy. He greatly extended the authority of the police state and imposed a cult of personality, by some accounts he led the most rigidly Stalinist regime in the Soviet bloc. Rapid growth of heavy industry was seen experienced around the country forcibly turning Romania from an agrarian into an urban society.

Ceaușescu's government was overthrown in the December 1989 revolution, and he and his wife were executed following a televised and hastily organised two-hour court session

“The totalitarian excess and oppression of the Ceaucescu era left Romania severely impoverished” (Hope and homes). “The country has since faced a complicated transition to a market economy” (Everychild).
Extract from William Blackers book, Along the Enchancted way: “Toward the end of 1989, as everyone knows , the Berlin Wall was tottering and the communist regimes of Eastern-Europe were collapsing one by one. Most changes had been peaceful but in Romania was turmoil. There had been appalling massacres of innocent people, tanks rolling through the streets, and soldiers and citizens fighting the presidents elite troops, flushing them out building by building. Then suddenly on Christmas Day it was all over. President Ceaucescu and his wife were captured and, after a hasty trial, were led out into the ice-covered backyard of a militia garrison in the town of Targoviste, put up against a wall and machine gunned down”.