Beekeeping or apiculture is the maintenance of honey bee colonies, commonly in man-made hives, by humans. A beekeeper keeps bees in order to collect their honey and other products that the hive produces including beeswax, propolis, pollen, and royal jelly, to pollinate crops, or to produce bees for sale to other beekeepers. A location where bees are kept is called an apiary or "bee yard." Beekeeping means keeping bees artificially, collecting the products they collect and produce. In Transylvania, the natural qualities of beekeeping are particularly favorable. The flowering period of honey plants is relatively long, during which the bees can get nectar. Transylvania has a wide range of acacia, the most important beekeeper in apiary.

The domestic honeybee (Apis mellifera) has been domesticated some 6,000 years ago, and besides the silkworm it is the only early domesticated insect species. It is assumed that the honeybee originated in India. Individuals with different morphology and different functions live in the honeybee family: the womb, testicles and workers.